Sunday, December 29, 2013

Think-tank assessment reveals deceleration in Bangladesh GDP growth

Bangladesh's gross domestic product (GDP) in the current 2013-14 fiscal year ending June next year is likely to experience a decelerating rate for the third time in a row from those of the preceding years, a leading local think-tank said Saturday.The research organisation's half-yearly assessment of the economy, coinciding with the end of the calendar year and the completion of the tenure of the present government, also stated that the growth in GDP may fall below the decadal average of 6 percent due to fiscal and monetary management trap, functioned by lack of policy farsightedness and political contestations.The leading think-tank, Unnayan Onneshan, anticipated that the real rate of growth in GDP in fiscal year (FY) 2013-14 (July 2013- June 2014) might decline to 5.65 percent against the government's revised target of 7.2 percent, though the budgetary target was 7.5 percent. In FY 2010-11, the GDP growth rate was 6.71 percent, which declined to 6.23 percent in FY 2011-12,x431 IV and further fell to 6.03 percent in FY 2012-13."The major reasons of failing to achieve the targeted level of growth of the current fiscal year are the increased gap between savings-investment, mismatch between investment demand and growth of credit to the private sector, poor rate of ADP implementation, failure to achieve the targeted level of revenue, reduction in public spending in physical infrastructure and social sectors. These have been accompanied with political contestations," It explained.The Unnayan Onneshan observed that several policy-induced macroeconomic challenges have severely restricted the maintenance of upward mobility of rate of growth in the recent fiscal years and the continuation of progress in different social sectors. 

"The measures proposed in the budget, coupled with a contractionary monetary policy and orthodox exchange-rate management agreed as part of a three-year program between the government and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have led to slide in the rate of growth,"It pointed out that the lower collection of revenue is likely to reduce public investment, especially in infrastructure and social sectors, causing economic growth to decline. "To finance this increase in revenue expenditure, the government may have to go for further borrowing and thus trapping the country in a vicious circle of spiraling debt and deficit," it added.Simultaneously, the think-tank said that fall in revenue collection also means that the government has to increase its borrowing from both domestic and foreign sources and the former may crowd out private investment.The organization observed that the narrow tax base along with structural weakness and the wide opportunities of evading and avoiding tax have added difficulties to collection of revenue in the present fiscal year.Referring to the linkage between expansion of credit and growth in investment, the Unnayan Onneshan noted that the decline in the rate of growth in credit will drag down investment and consequentially slide down the GDP.The Unnayan Onneshan observed,uv resinnitrogen generator & inflator machine besides the large scale scams, the risk management in the banking system has weakened. The overall return on assets (ROA) that measures the efficiency of the management in generation of earning to assets stood at 0.60 percent in 2012 compared to 1.3 percent in 2011.The inflation stood at 7.15 percent in November 2013, adversely impacting on the poor and the marginalised.The Unnayan Onneshan also pointed out that the reduction in poverty has slowed down as poverty reduced by 8.9 percentage during 2000-2005 while during the successive five years (2005-2010) the total decline was 8.5 percentage points.The organisation recommended for adjustment of monetary policy with fiscal policy since reductionist policies only cut down investment demand, create unemployment and in turn hampers growth. It also proposed structural reforms in tax structure, strengthening institutional capacity in the areas of taxes in the backdrop of rising pressure on revenue collection.

Reform plans give US "hope about trade"

Washington has new hopes for fairer trade since Beijing endorsed a "decisive role" for market forces, an annual report on China's World Trade Organization practices has suggested.The United States is "encouraged" by a number of far-reaching economic reform pronouncements drawn up at the Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, according to the 2013 Report to Congress on China's WTO Compliance,Clawfoot tub accessories which was released on Tuesday.The report is compiled by the Office of the US Trade Representative.The decision purports to present one of the largest and most ambitious economic reform programs, and the US is "encouraged by these broad policy pronouncements and will closely monitor China's implementation measures to determine how and to what extent China follows through on them", according to the USTR report.Among the biggest draws are the broadening of foreign investment access in China, exploration of the possibility for national treatment at all phases of investment and the employment of a "negative list" approach in identifying exceptions.The report recognized the many "impressive steps" China has taken to implement its commitments following accession to the WTO in 2001.Notable developments this year to reinvigorate the market economy included China's readiness to focus on a high-standard bilateral investment treaty with the US and the creation of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone as a way to test the waters of trade and investment liberalization.Banner PenThese initiatives,injector cleaner if realized, would provide tremendous benefits not only to China but also to its trading partners, including the US, the report said.But it also called for eased market restrictions on imported goods and foreign suppliers, as well as a lifting of government subsidies and to guidance that's imposed on State-owned enterprises. 

"China continued to pursue industrial policies in 2013 that seek to limit market access for imported goods, foreign manufacturers and foreign service suppliers, while offering substantial government guidance, resources and regulatory support to Chinese industries," it said.The USTR also called on Beijing to overhaul its legal structure in order to better protect intellectual property.The report has aimed to act on behalf of US businesses and serves as the "agenda-setter" in the China-US Strategic and Economic Dialogue, said Wu Xinbo, director of the Center for American Studies at Fudan University in Shanghai.Wu said the report provides a comprehensive and frank retrospect on China's WTO compliance."The report is nothing but conventional rhetoric. The US is among the biggest beneficiaries of China's WTO membership. So the basic tone of the report is set to be positive," said Jin Canrong, a Sino-US relations expert at the Beijing-based Renmin University of China.But the US is eyeing further moves for banking relaxation to cash in on the lucrative financial segment, so "it has to act tough on certain fronts", said Jin, referring to the US' consistent appeal for lower market threshold."Export growth from the US to China has jumped significantly in the past few years, while Chinese investors are stepping up investment across the US. That is to say, Americans will increasingly value the Chinese market and appreciate Chinese-led capital," Wu said.The report came on the same day that China said it will reinvestigate US poultry product shipments for potential violations of trade terms, after the WTO ruled against penalties that the government imposed on imports.According to a statement by the Ministry of Commerce, China will seek evidence that US white-feather poultry products were subsidized and sold below cost.Earlier this month, China filed a complaint under the WTO's dispute settlement mechanism over anti-dumping measures by the US against 13 types of Chinese products.The US has so far brought 15 WTO cases against China since Beijing's membership started in 2001, which is more than twice as many WTO cases as any other WTO member has brought against China.The US allegations may have touched the core of China's compliance problems, which largely lie in the contradiction between international rules and domestic laws, said Yao Weiqun, associate president of the Shanghai WTO Affairs Consultation Center.

Thursday, December 26, 2013

The Beginner's Guide to Your New iPad

There’s nothing like that first euphoric moment just after unboxing your new iPad Air or Retina iPad mini.What usually follows is five to 10 minutes of marveling over the care and consideration Apple design chief Jony Ive put into the packaging. That includes playing with those tiny plastic doodads you’ll inevitably have to discard at some point.But that was all just a tease leading up to the good stuff. Finally, after all the highfalutin commercial spots, media hype about supply shortages and unsuccessful attempts by competitors to sully the iPad's image, you finally have one of your very own. Now you’re just wondering how to harness all that pencil-thin tablet power sitting in your hands.Rest assured, we have several suggestions designed to get you successfully up and running with the most popular tablet on the market.The good news: Aside from certain size-dependent apps, the setup and experience for the iPad Air and Retina iPad mini are almost identical. To keep things simple, we’ll focus on those with a Wi-Fi version of the device.After selecting your language and country preferences, pick a Wi-Fi network and enable your location services. Then, you’ll be prompted to either sign up for iCloud (Apple’s online backup storage service) or sign into your existing iCloud account. Of course, you also have the option of simply ignoring this prompt, after which you can immediately begin using your iPad.

Apple’s iOS 7 comes with a wealth of preinstalled services, including iWork and iLife, which offer a wide array of productivity and communication tools. But when it comes to apps, everyone has a different idea of "essential." We suggest the following if you truly want to boost the functionality of your new tablet.Google Maps: Yes, Apple has its own maps app, which is quite beautiful. But let’s be honest, when you’re on the go,wheel balancer you don’t have time for "good enough" — you want the best. Google Maps (free in the Apple app store) is one of the top mobile map solutions for iOS.Twitter: Just a few years ago,MB STAR it would have been a stretch to call Twitter an essential app. But with this free app, the 24/7 news cycle is just a tap away, and it's an easy way to share your story if you find yourself a witness to a major event.tire changer (Personally, I prefer Tweetbot ($2.99), which offers more functionality, but either will serve your tweeting needs just fine.)GoodReader: Using the iPad like a traditional laptop or desktop can be frustrating due to its mobile-first operating system, which doesn’t offer a robust file management system. GoodReader ($4.99) stores PDFs, books, images and a wide range of text documents in a file system similar to that of a traditional desktop or laptop operating system. If you’re managing serious text and documents on the iPad, especially if you aren’t using a cloud service, GoodReader can be a lifesaver.Lookout: Apple packed a lot of power into the iPad’s svelte design, making it one of the most powerful, light and thin tablets on the market. Unfortunately, that enhanced portability also means that the iPad is pretty easy to lose while traveling or commuting. Lookout is a free app that helps you find a lost device by sounding an alarm and automatically backing up your contacts.

Apple also offers Find My iPhone, another useful security app. However, Apple’s app requires the use of iCloud, a stipulation that could hold back users uninterested in opting into Apple’s cloud storage system.Now that we have the essentials out of the way, it's time time to have some fun. Of the over 350,000 native iPad apps in Apple's App Store, you'll never run out new games, productivity tools and utility apps to try on your own, but before you dive in, we recommend that you give these popular apps a try first.YouTube: Like Google Maps, YouTube is no longer a native part of iOS, but it's still one of the best ways to watch and share videos on your iPad. The iOS 7 version of the free app is extremely slick and shows off just how much work Google put into streamlining its suite of apps.Skype: Walking around with the thin slab in your hands and talking to someone on the other side of the world is like holding a magic mirror. It’s a free download, so you have no excuse for not experimenting with the video messaging app.

Futuristic Style Combination Of Two Contrasting Bathroom Designs

What the first thing that pay your attention for your house?. Livingroom, bedroom, or even bathroom. But for now the last one, bathroom that we will discuss in this section. Here are Two Contrasting Bathroom in Futuristic Style Combination.Banner Pen It’s so wonderful if you have two bathroom in one house. As we know, bathroom is a very important room in the house. We can relax, think and dream everything there. The main thing in any bathroom is water. One of the bathroom was inspired by it. With blue and white dominant color.The blue material ceramics give more wonderful sea effect, added by comfort sofa bed will make you relax and enjoy. Glass door describes the futuristic style. It can give more light room effect. Modern bathtub with blue dominant color in first bathroom is very futuristic impression. With immitation grass in the side of bathtub, your contrasting bathroom with futuristic style will look fresher.You can find zigzags visually expand the space, the space was even found for a bookshelf and addition some green plants. For the second bathroom, it looks more futuristic with yellow mixed purple lines while describe a beautiful sea view from your window.pp resin Very practical storage which are hidden in the walls can find in the both of bathrooms.

Modern amenities for the shower such as rain heads, body jets, steam showers and hand wands allow you to easily wash away the stress of the day. Take a look at these incredible spaces — from a stained-glass surround, to a soothing and meditative shower,post lift to a Roman bathhouse-inspired space — to see how designers are taking advantage of today's materials and accessories.Middle ground. Divide your master vanity right down the middle with a stunning shower, like this glass enclosure made of two floor-to-ceiling panels and a door at the end. The textural shower wall creates an instant focal point, too.All around. Have your shower give your tub a hug. This shower enclosure encapsulates a full array of body jets and shower heads, while the round tub sits snugly in the middle of the design. I love how the unique shower shape has doors on both sides!Behind closed doors. These stained-glass doors open into a heavenly shower experience enhanced by an oversized rain head. The light spilling through the colored glass could even become a form of chromotherapy, where colored light restores balance and energy.All in one. Save time and space by positioning your bathtub inside your shower. The frameless enclosure holds both the shower and the freestanding bathtub in one stunning area.Ancient history. Repeat history and re-create a Roman bathhouse feeling with arched doorways and marble tile

Wednesday, December 25, 2013

GM Uses Digital Tools to Improve Car Design

Precision not patriotism is the focus of red, white and blue light scanning used by General Motors’ Competitive Benchmarking team to surgically dissect competitor vehicles.The high-tech search for what is good and bad is conducted about three dozen times a year globally with models strategically selected that are all-new or feature industry-first systems and technologies.The light scanners mathematically capture precise 3D images of vehicle structures and components. Complete sets of scans become reverse-engineered computer models for comparing to GM designs.The lessons learned from such comparisons drive cost and mass reductions as well as quality improvements in Chevrolet, Cadillac,BMW ISIS Buick and GMC vehicles with each model year. The team also dismantles and scans GM vehicles to validate parts, quality check manufacturing processes and troubleshoot part irregularities.“3D scanning is a time-efficient and cost-effective way of keeping up with rapid advancements being made all over the industry,” said Larry Pecar, senior supervisor, GM Competitive Benchmarking. “The technology also allows us to gain a better understanding of the reasons for other automakers’ recalls so that we are better able to avoid making the same mistakes.China visa houston

Dennis Jones from General Motors’ Competitive Benchmarking team uses a red light scanner to capture precise 3D images of a competitive vehicle component. Complete sets of scans become reverse-engineered computer models for comparison to GM designs.GM has used 3D scanning for well over a decade. The technology projects a red, white or blue light pattern onto the vehicle surface while an advanced camera or sensor captures its contours and records where the object is in space and its orientation.While any one of these systems can scan small parts to complete vehicles,Try these must-have kitchen knives for a perfect manicure, including remover, primer, polish, and top coat picks from the beauty experts at Meinys blue and white light works best at capturing complete vehicle scans, including full exterior surfaces. Blue light scanners also can map vehicle interiors and locations of under hood and under body components.White light scanning is a similar photographic process, but it is older technology and used less frequently these days due to the advanced capability of blue light scanning.Red light scanning is best for capturing details of components and parts already removed from vehicles. By combining data from red and blue light scans, engineers can capture stand-alone parts and their original position and orientation within the from General Motors’ Competitive Benchmarking team uses a red light scanner to capture precise 3D images of a competitive vehicle component.GM also uses 3D scanning for vehicle design and development. The manipulation of data collected from scans of clay models into digital modeling programs can be uploaded into a computer-controlled milling machine to create a full-scale model. Or, if it is just a portion of the vehicle, the data can be transferred to a 3D printer for a rapid prototype part.“By comparing the scan of a finished product to the original math model we can identify the source of fit and finish problems. In some cases even squeaks and rattles can be avoided or quickly addressed,” Pecar said. “There is no place for a quality issue to hide.”

Wheel alignment refers to the geometrical relationship of the wheels

Wheel alignment refers to the geometrical relationship of the wheels to the vehicle itself, to each other and to the road. Ideally, all wheels ought to be aimed straight ahead, parallel to each other, perpendicular to the road and perpendicular to their respective axles.More than half the confidential business information claims that the Environmental Protection obd2. This will produce the least amount of rolling resistance, the least amount of friction, the least amount of tire wear and the greatest traction. The basic alignment angles we are speaking about here are toe, camber and caster.Toe is the most important wheel alignment angle because it has the greatest effect on tire wear. Toe refers to the parallelism between the wheels as viewed from above and is usually measured in inches or millimeters. When both front wheels are aimed straight ahead and the distance between the leading edges of both front tires is exactly the same as the distance between the trailing edges, the wheels have ‘zero toe’ and are theoretically aligned. We say in theory because toe alignment changes when the vehicle is being driven.The joints and sockets in the suspension and steering linkage all have a little play, which when added together can allow wheel alignment to change depending on how the steering and suspension are loaded. Likewise, the rubber bushings in the control arms have some compliance and deflect slightly when the vehicle accelerates, brakes, turns and cruises. This too can allow toe alignment to change. To compensate, a little bit of ‘toe-in’ or ‘toe-out’ magarage equipmentsy be added when the wheels are aligned depending on whether the vehicle has front- or rear-wheel drive.

Toe-in means the front edges of the tires are closer together than the rear edges. Most rear-wheel drive cars and trucks have alignment specifications that call for a little bit of toe-in (say 1/16th of an inch or so). This will produce zero rolling toe as the vehicle is being driven down the road because the natural tendency for the front and rear wheels is to toe-out due to rolling resistance and compliance in the steering and suspension.Toe-out is when the front edges of the tires are farther apart than the rear edges. This may occur if the tie rod ends are worn, or if the control arm bushings have collapsed. Toe-out is a bad condition to have because it causes the tires to scrub as they roll along. Only 1/8th inch of toe-out will scrub the tires sideways 28 feet for every mile driven.A self-professed food geek has developed a sleek knives wholesaler that makes high-end sous vide cooking accessible in your own home. At this rate, it doesn’t take long to wear down the tread.A classic symptom of toe misalignment is a feathered wear pattern across both front tires. The direction of the feathering tells you if the tires are toed-in or toed-out (rough edges towards the inside signal toe-in while rough edges to the outside indicate toe-out). But on radial tires, toe misalignment tends to roll the shoulder of the tire under as it scrubs producing wear on the inner or outer ribs only. Toe-in will wear the outer rib while toe-out will cause wear on the inner rib. In both instances, wear can be aggravated even more if the tires are underinflated.

Tuesday, December 24, 2013

Vietnam to grasp "golden population structure" opportunity

Vietnam should grasp the chance of a "golden population structure" period with many advantages and potentials of abundant young workforce to boost the country's socio-economic development, a senior official said here Tuesday.Vuong Dinh Hue, head of Vietnam's Central Economic Committee ( CEC) cum Central Communist Party of Vietnam Commissioner made the remarks at a conference on developing human resources for industrialization and modernization in the context of Vietnam's " golden population structure" in capital Hanoi.The conference was co-organized by CEC in association with Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Association to celebrate the country's Population Day,A self-professed food geek has developed a sleek knives wholesaler that makes high-end sous vide cooking accessible in your own home. which falls on Dec. 26 annually, Vietnam's state-run news agency VNA reported.Hue said at the conference that grasping these advantages for labor development will reduce risks and challenges of human resources as well as prepare high-quality workforce for the future.

At the conference, Duong Quoc Trong, Director of General Office for Population-Family Planning under Vietnamese Ministry of Health,garage equipments said the country's population has hit 90 million as of Nov. 1, 2013. Vietnam is regarded as a country with "golden population structure" when there are two or more people working and there is only one dependent person.Delegates reached a consensus at the conference that "golden population structure" provides a "golden chance" to improve economic development and investment for social welfare, healthcare, education and employment in the future.However, rapid increase in population at working age will become a burden for the whole society unless unemployment can be solved in the context of high unemployment rate and low productivity in Vietnam, VNA quoted.In order to further facilitate advantages of "golden population structure," delegates at the conference recommended Vietnam to implement policies and measures to maximize effectiveness of workforce, integrate economic structural transition and labor structural transition, promote investment, create more jobs,More than half the confidential business information claims that the Environmental Protection obd2. and expand markets for labor exports among others.

Beneath the clothes is a fierce competitor who still runs marathons

Beneath the clothes is a fierce competitor who still runs marathons (including this year’s in Boston) and seems to enjoy nothing more than denouncing AT&T and Verizon, which he refers to as a “pseudo duopoly.” (He doesn’t think Sprint is even worth mentioning, though there are new reports Sprint and Dish Network may bid on T-Mobile next year. )When he joined T-Mobile, “We had a limited time window and a sense of urgency,” Legere said.“We were losing over 2 million customers a year. So we moved as fast as we humanly could. My board wondered if we were doing too much. But the fact is, speed has become one of our biggest weapons. The current industry is arrogant, stupid and slow, which gives companies like T-Mobile a real competitive advantage.”Although the task of reviving T-Mobile seemed daunting, “I felt that as a challenger,Period Cup we might just have a pretty amazing opportunity in front of us,” he continued. “We could take a completely different approach to this business, we could create real customer value by driving serious change in this ridiculous and broken industry.”That meant upending long-entrenched industry practices, addressing what Legere calls customer “pain points.”

T-Mobile got rid of the much-reviled two-year contract and let customers pay for their phones and service separately. If they don’t like their T-Mobile service, they can change carriers any time once their phones are paid for.T-Mobile cut prices, with free unlimited overseas roaming. Armed with a war chest and additional spectrum that it got as a breakup fee after the AT&T deal failed, T-Mobile expanded and modernized its 4G LTE network, now available to 205 million people.A few weeks ago T-Mobile roiled the industry again when it offered free unlimited data for tablets.Representatives of AT&T and Verizon declined to comment.T-Mobile branded and marketed all this as the “Un-carrier,” rolling out new versions of its plans — already five and counting — even as competitors have struggled to match the previous one.“Surprise is an effective competitive tactic,” Legere said.wheel aligner “When you catch the competition by surprise, keep punching and don’t let them up. When you have momentum, keep building it by delivering unexpected offers in rapid succession. Our team is loving it. They are breaking the boundaries and getting to use all their creativity. That’s pretty cool.”Another group loving it is antitrust regulators. T-Mobile’s success has enabled the Justice Department’s antitrust division to take a rare victory lap, since the company’s consumer-friendly moves are exactly what regulators hoped for when they sued to block the merger with AT&T.“This really demonstrates that competition can work,” said William J.contemporary lamps Baer, the division’s head.Whether T-Mobile can sustain the momentum remains to be seen, and Legere concedes the battle is far from over.“We run scared every day,” he said. “We know we have a lot to do yet. But look at the choices customers are making. In the last two quarters, since we launched Un-carrier, T-Mobile has grown faster than everyone else, and we have added more postpaid customers than Sprint, AT&T and Verizon combined. I really think that says it all.”

Monday, December 23, 2013

KitKat quickly on Moto phones; Samsung’s gamepad; a $38 Android tablet

The Android world is changing thanks to Motorola: the company offer devices without a custom user interface and it’s quick at getting software updates to phones. A low-cost tablet aims to bring tech to those who don’t have it while Samsung’s Gamepad debuts.Motorola announced a pair of KitKat upgrades this week, making it the handset MB STARmaker to deliver Android 4.4 the soonest. First the new Verizon(vz)(vod) line of phones — the Droid Ultra, Maxx and Mini — received the new software and as the week ended the Moto G followed suit. Motorola promised KitKat to the latter phone in early 2014. So what’s going on?Motorola is doing something with the platform that has been desired for a long time. The company is keeping the user experience and interface fairly standard, like the Nexus line of phones,The non-stick knife vertical of BRG offers aesthetically and ergonomically designed stainless. but engineering ways to add useful new features. This helps the handsets stand out from the crowd, keeps them simple to use and perhaps most importantly, makes it easier and faster to build software updates.I called this approach a “Nexus for the masses” because of its similarities to the Nexus device line Google maintains. While these are typically great devices, many consumers don’t know about them or won’t buy a phone from Google Play since they want to actually hold the device before buying it.Of course, the Motorola handsets aren’t “pure” Android, nor are they true Nexus devices. But they follow the concept closer than any others. And if you want a phone that will get Android software updates before most others, save for a Nexus or Google Play Edition device, Motorola should be your first look.

Motorola doesn’t make a tablet these days, so you’ll have to consider another hardware partner for your tablets needs. Could the $35 tablet for India be worth the look? The Aakash tablet line isn’t likely going to be your choice if you’re reading this site but for many who have no access to technology, it opens up a door.For $38 the U.S version of the UbiSlate offers a very basic mobile web and app experience. The hardware is akin to a 2010 tablet although it does run Android 4.garage equipments0.3. So it’s not something that most Gigaom readers would even look at. It’s aimed, however, at providing a first mobile experience for consumers that might not be able to afford one otherwise.Those that can afford the latest and greatest technology surely consider Samsung’s Galaxy line. And this week the company debuted a new accessory that works not just with Samsung products but with any phone running Android 4.1 or better. The new Samsung Gamepad adds hardware controls for gaming: an 8-way directional pad, two analog sticks, four Action buttons and a pair of triggers. It’s currently available in select European markets with additional availability planned in 2014.

Wall Street soars following U.S. Fed's tapering decision

U.S. stocks surged Wednesday after the Federal Reserve announced a modest reduction in its monetary stimulus program following its two-day policy meeting.The Dow Jones Industrial Average skyrocketed 292.71 points, or 1.84 percent, to 16,167.97. The S&P 500 rallied 29.65 points, or 1. 66 percent, to 1,810.65. The Nasdaq Composite Index leapt 46.38 points, or 1.15 percent, to 4,070.06.Both the blue-chip Dow and S&P 500 ended at record highs.Kenneth Polcari, director of NYSE Floor Operations at O'Neil Securities,post lift Inc., told Xinhua Wednesday that he was not surprised with the market reaction, citing that the tapering amount came in as expected and the Fed vowed to keep the ultra-low interest rates in place in a very long time, which would boost the economy.The U.S.tire changer central bank announced Wednesday that it will cut back its pace of bond purchases, the third round of quantitative easing program, by 10 billion U.S. dollars starting in January, with a 5- billion-dollar cut each from the purchases of mortgage-back securities and Treasury bonds.Moreover, the market welcomed the central bank's projection that the U.S. economy and the labor market would continue to improve.The Fed expected the gross domestic product of the United States to advance between 2.8 percent to 3.2 percent next year, versus September's projection of a growth at 2.9 percent to 3.1 percent. The unemployment rate is now expected to average between 6.3 percent and 6.6 percent by the end of 2014, compared with an earlier range of 6.4 percent and 6.8 percent.

Positive economic data added optimism to the market's rally. U. S. privately-owned housing starts climbed 22.7 percent in November to a seasonally adjusted annual level of 1.091 million, the highest since February 2008, said the Commerce Department Wednesday. Meanwhile, housing permits dropped 3.1 percent last month.In corporate news, shares of AMC Entertainment Holdings rose 5 percent to 18.90 dollars after its first day of trading on the New York Stock Exchange Wednesday. Its initial public offering price is 18.00 dollars a share.The CBOE Volatility Index, widely considered as a fear gauge of the market, slumped 14.87 percent to end at 13.80.In other markets, oil prices rose Wednesday on positive economic data. Light, sweet crude for January delivery gained 58 cents to settle at 97.8 dollars a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, while Brent crude for January delivery moved up 1.19 dollars to close at 109.63 dollars a barrel.Gold futures on the COMEX division of the New York Mercantile Exchange inched up Wednesday, with the most active gold contract for February delivery up 4.9 dollars to settle at 1,235 dollars per ounce.The U.S. dollar rose against most major currencies Wednesday after announcement of the Fed's tapering decision.In late New York trading, the euro fell to 1.wheel balancer3751 dollars from 1.3767 dollars in the previous session, and the dollar bought 103. 60 Japanese yen, higher than 102.67 yen of the previous session.

Saturday, December 21, 2013

The Ranger R710 Rim Clamp Tire Changer Machine Review

Cleaning your cars rims is just as important as washing the body. You wouldnt take a shower and not wash your feet. Keeping the rims clean not only adds to the visual appeal of your car, it also saves on maintenance or having to replace your rims sooner than later.If you are OEM wheels into vert skateboarding then vert skateboard wheels are the one for you. As vert skateboarding requires rolling at higher speed, jumping and landing on skateboarding ramps, the wheels used are the hardest. The size of these wheels is larger than the ones used in street skateboarding and range from 55-65mm which allows the skaters to maintain high speed before the jump. These skateboard wheels are used exclusively on skateboarding ramps.

More important is whether or not the wheel fits the car. Things to consider include the size (both diameter and width), the offset and the stud pattern.Forum Intro has tube chromoly frame and it has 100% chromoly forks and handle bars. The colors available are brick red brown fade trophy used rims blue and black.The Household scissors of Meinys are suitable for professional and for domestic use.This does work and will make a nice repair. Most likely, it will need to be redone in a couple of seasons. Why will this repair need to be redone? For that matter, why did the steering wheel crack in the first place? The answer is simple. Most early steering wheels were made by forming the shape from metal shape or rings and then covering with plastics. The early plastics were thermo reactive plastics. Basically, the plastics expanded and contract at a faster rate that the steel frames. Thus the used wheels plastic cracked. These cracks enlarged and chunks fell out, leaving a real mess.

Size The size of your wheels will, of course, dictate what type of tires you use. However, it will also dictate things like performance, handling and the accuracy of your odometer and speedometer. In order to use large wheels without throwing off your instruments significantly,scissor lift you will need to calculate the correct tire height to use.We have over a hundred of the knife sets as well as other brands of Kitchen Knife Sets. Usually, a shorter tire is used in conjunction with a larger wheel to keep the ratio within tolerance range.A fact worth considering is that used alloy wheels and rims are available in the market at one-third the price of brand new ones. You get the style and features of alloy wheels without spending much.


The TPP has been envisioned as "a high-standard, comprehensive and forward-looking trade agreement that aims to address the challenges of the modern economy."Termed as "the agreement of the 21st century" by its proponents, the TPP is very ambitious. When negotiations have concluded,modern lighting it could potentially create a free-trade bloc that will comprise some 40 percent of the global economy, according to leading economists.It aims to reduce tariffs on goods and services to close to zero among disparate economies, and address issues beyond traditional trade and investment, such as labor and environment standards, intellectual property and competitive advantage of state-owned enterprises.As the leading drive force for the negotiation, the United States has insisted on addressing all these so-called 21st century issues, and asked its TPP partners to commit themselves to a high- standard agreement.However, different economic interests and diverse levels of economic growth inevitably make the negotiations very difficult from the very start.Given the complexity of the pact and the political pressure governments face in winning domestic approval, most analysts had long viewed the goal of cutting a deal by the end of this year as unrealistic. They predict that hard haggling lie ahead even in late January next year.

In a recent interview with Xinhua, Sarah Tong, senior research fellow at the East Asian Institute of National University of Singapore, compared TPP with Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership(RCEP), the free trade pact among 10 ASEAN countries and its FTA partners of Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand to be concluded by the end of 2015.She noted that the RCEP comes to economies in the Asia-Pacific region as something more natural and something easier to understand, which offers members tangible benefits in such spheres as supply chains and regional economic integration.As economies in the region have achieved a lot in bilateral trade pacts and regional economic integration, what they need to do is further integration, namely to add all things up and, in the process, address the inconsistencies, she said.By comparison, TPP seems to have taken a top-down approach, in which objectives are set first, then deduction is performed to leave out what is unattainable at the moment or allow members to opt out of some of their obligations. Therefore, TPP faces much greater difficulties,nitrogen generator & inflator machine she added.To John Franklin Copper, professor emeritus of international studies at Rhodes College, Memphis, Tennessee, TPP differs from other trade arrangements in that it aims at fair trade or management of trade, instead of merely dealing with free trade."The TPP seems to be trying to regulate trade, and more regulate financial transactions and things that are connected to trade somehow."

TPP is widely believed the economic pillar of U.S. President Barack Obama's pivot to Asia, which, with its pronounced military presence in the region, has led to increased suspicion over its intention. Some western media put it more bluntly as "having the political purpose of countering the growing influence of China."Lisa Brandt, trade policy analyst at the European Center for International Political Economy, said in an article that TPP would have economic benefits. But it is also underpinned by geopolitical ambitions."The United States is keen to promote stability in the region and establish a set of rules that can serve as a future template for international economic relations."Her views were echoed by Professor Copper, who noted that TPP is viewed by some as part of the Asian pivot."Since the Asian pivot is really a strategic idea, of the military thought. It means it's missing the economic aspect to it. And the TPP is the economic side..amino resin.Some said that the Asian pivot will not work without TPP."However, Many Asian economies are reluctant to choose sides between major powers in the region. When geopolitical consideration outweighs economic reality, TPP would lose appeal to its potential members. As Professor Copper noted, "Asians do not think of balance of power as the United States do...They are thinking of it more in economic terms than military power relations."

Tuesday, December 17, 2013

Facebook Is A Fundamentally Broken Product That Is Collapsing Under Its Own Weight

"I would expect that next year, people will share twice as much information as they share this year, and [the] next year, they will be sharing twice as much as they did the year before," he said. The New York Times called it "Zuckerberg's Law," a playful homage to Moore's Law, named after Intel co-founder Gordon Moore, who said, "The number of transistors incorporated in a chip will approximately double every 24 months."In 2011, Zuckerberg reiterated his theory on sharing, saying that it was still growing at an exponential rate.And Zuckerberg is right about that.But the exponential growth of sharing may not, actually, be helping Facebook. And with the explosion of dedicated mobile sharing apps, the industry may be evolving in ways that Zuckerberg never foresaw.Specifically, Facebook is now trying to cram so much "sharing" through a single service that it is overwhelming many of its core users. Meanwhile, companies like Snapchat, WhatsApp,tire changer WeChat, Line, Twitter, and Instagram (which Facebook owns), are now cleaving off types of user-sharing that Facebook would like to have owned.The amount of sharing that Facebook is trying to cram through its News Feed is now starting to turn into a problem for Facebook, argues freelance analyst Benedict Evans. We spoke with Evans last week about mobile messaging apps and Facebook, and he had a very pessimistic view of the latter.In August, Facebook revealed that "every time someone visits News Feed there are on average 1,500 potential stories from friends, people they follow and Pages for them to see, and most people don’t have enough time to see them all. These stories include everything from wedding photos posted by a best friend, to an acquaintance checking in to a restaurant." 

Let's say the average Facebook user is awake for 17 hours a day. To consume all that stuff, they would take in 88 new items per hour, or 1.5 things per minute. That's just not possible.Facebook knows it has a problem. It planned a major redesign that gave users more control over the News Feed. But it was scrapped when the first batch of users showed low engagement with the new design.It's also talking about trying to tweak what stories show up in your News Feed to cut back on what it considers to be low-quality content.To Evans, this is evidence that Facebook's core product, News Feed, is "broken.""The problem they’ve run into, the problem of sharing, of Zuckerberg's law," says Evans, "is that the News Feed has turned into a black hole and collapsed under its own weight."Facebook started off as a place to keep track of what your friends are up to, but because there's so much stuff flowing through the News Feed, you could easily miss what your friends are doing. He points out that today, you could post that you're getting married, but only half of your friends might see that posting because of the News Feeds' algorithms."That’s a product problem," says Evans. "There's so much noise in the News Feed,Household scissors they broke the product." Facebook can come up with algorithms to surface the best material, but Evans says it's just "a hack." The deeper problem is that the "underlying product is broken.uv resin"Evans presents an analogy to explain Facebook's New Feed problem: "If you have 1,500 emails coming in every day, you wouldn't say, 'I need better algorithms.'"But, Zuckerberg's Law suggests we're not getting rid of anything on Facebook. Instead, we'll have more stuff. By this time next year we could have 3,000 posts, links, videos, status updates, etc., all flowing through the News Feed. It's a struggle to sort through 1,500; how will Facebook deal with sorting through 3,000?

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Monday, December 16, 2013

Verizon LTE getting AWS upgrades, even as execs admit to some performance 'hot spots'

Verizon Wireless Monday continued to maintain that it has the "largest and most reliable 4G LTE network" in the U.S. despite the recent admission by some company executives of some dents in the armor.Verizon Communications CEO Lowell McAdam told analysts a week ago that "there are certain hot spots that, frankly, the network hasn't performed at the level that we would like it to." In October, Chief Financial Officer Fran Shammo acknowledged that Verizon's 4G LTE network had "a little bit of a speed issue" in New York, San Francisco an Chicago,China visa service forcing the company to revert some customers to 3G speeds that can be 10 times slower than 4G.Clawfoot tub accessoriesRoot Metrics, which compares network performance of various carriers, detected a 20% cut in Verizon data upload speeds in Chicago and San Francisco from the first half of 2013 to the second half, said CEO Bill Moore.All other measures, including downloads, email, Web searches and texting, Verizon's performance was the same in the first and second halves of this year.Moore said in an interview that the latest Root Metrics findings should not lead any smartphone user to "lose sleep or to consider switching providers." He said there's an "ebb and flow" of network speeds as carriers, like Verizon, add new technology.

Verizon spokesman Tom Pica Monday described to Computerworld how the carrier is beefing up speeds over the carriers LTE network, which began rolling out about three years ago. The network is now deployed in more than 500 cities in 50 states, accessible to some 303 million people, according to a recent Verizon blog post. Fully two-thirds of all Verizon Wireless data traffic now rides on its 4G LTE.Verizon's goal is to make the LTE speeds for all its customers range from 5 Mbps to 12 Mbps on downloads and 2 Mbps to 5 Mbps on uploads.wheel alignerVerizon has launched a major upgrade program -- adding the AWS (Advanced Wireless Services) spectrum which Verizon first acquired from cable companies in 2012 -- to help with data demands in major cities.The AWS spectrum uses 1700 MHz for uplinks and 2100 MHz for downlinks tied into Verizon's earlier use of 700 MHz spectrum for LTE.AWS requires an AWS-ready smartphone, including the Verizon-sold Samsung Galaxy S4, Apple's iPhone 5C and iPhone 5S, along with the Droid Maxx, Ultra and Mini. Pica said a coming software upgrade will increase the list of AWS-ready smartphones and that 20% of Verizon LTE devices with be able to use AWS by year's end.Moore said Root Metrics has done LTE testing on a non-AWS phone over Verizon networks in New York City and found that speeds there have improved slightly in specific cell areas where AWS was added. He theorized that the addition of AWS is taking capacity pressure off of the older LTE network.

Economic miracle or stopgap people pleaser?

Japan's concerted efforts to escape from the doldrums of decades of deflation and reduce its public debt burden at twice the size of the nation's economy have been packaged into a well-publicized policy initiative spearheaded by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and dubbed "Abenomics."The three-pronged strategy to kickstart the world's third- largest economy has involved massive amounts of fiscal stimulus and moves by the central bank to ease monetary policy to fortify expenditure by multi-sized corporations and emerging enterprises here, as increased deregulation has sought to encourage more investment in "special zones" by making more capital available to startups and businesses looking to relocate to, or expand in Japan.Investor optimism and appetite has been lifted to a degree on the back of the government's fiscal moves in twine with the Bank of Japan (BOJ) and has been reflected and bolstered by a relatively bullish stock market and underpinned by a consumer price index which indicates the nation is moving in the right direction away from deflation, as consumer costs chart an upward trajectory.But the road ahead remains a potentially fraught one for such an aggressive policy initiative, with the central bank under intense pressure to hit the government's 2 percent inflation target in 2014,knife sets meaning the BOJ will almost certainly have to roll out further fiscal stimulus measures to engineer the achieving of this target,MB STAR or risk losing investor confidence at a precarious time, as Abe seeks to hike the sales tax from 5 percent to 8 percent in April 2014 and to 10 percent a year later."But the questions on all economists' lips are, 'Is the embryonic uptick sustainable, have the right mechanisms been put into place to cushion the inevitable toll the tax hike will take and will Abe's third arrow -- structural reform -- the most critical prong in the Abenomics approach, be achieved in a pragmatic and sustainable manner to underpin the entire economic reformatory process?'" Sinclair said.

Sinclair intimated that the first two prongs of Abe's approach seemed to be hitting their targets, with massive amounts of quantitative easing being somewhat successful in buying up government debt and helping reverse the nation's decades-old deflationary cycle,garage equipments as well as weaken the yen and give a lift to export-dependent Japan, which relies on a weak yen to boost profits made overseas when repatriated into the Japanese currency.He added, however, that the realization of structural reform would be where the true miracle lies and, as yet, this remains to be seen.Abe's has embarked on an ambitious plan to revamp Japan's healthcare industry, energy industries and the IT industry in a bid to ensure a sustained economic growth through the waning effects of quantitative easing and beyond the inevitable downturn sparked by an increase in consumption tax that will curb consumer appetite to spend in the short term.Other endeavors include plans to augment engineering companies' abilities to export nuclear and high speed train technology abroad, as well as actively increase the number of female workers that comprise Japan's soon-to-be-dwindling labor force.The latter, recently dubbed "Womenomics," reflects a growing belief that female workers could be the key to the success of Japan's economic future.Abe has publicly stated that females in this country are Japan' s most "underused resource" and this demographic must be tapped for the future good of the country's economy.For this to happen there needs to be a huge ideological shift, right through the core consciousness of Japan Inc. -- the traditionally conservative domain of men -- and the lure of managerial-level positions in companies for women for this to take place. This, however, could be a paradigmatic shift in Japan's workplace that some economists and sociologists think could take decades.

Thursday, November 21, 2013

Report Says Wind Energy Reduces Pollution, Saves Water

While Pennsylvania is ranked 17th in national wind energy production, a state environmental advocacy group thinks the commonwealth can do better.According to a report released today by the PennEnvironment Research and Policy Center, wind energy is already providing more than 2.2 million megawatt-hours of electricity in Pennsylvania, and the group expects that number to rise 97 percent in the next five years.Erika Staaf, a clean water advocate for PennEnvironment, said the use of wind has avoided more than 1.3 million metric tons of carbon pollution — the equivalent of taking more than 278,000 cars off the road.“Gas extraction and coal production requires vast amounts of water, so that’s water that’s saved,” she said. “And we know that both of these sources of energy produce air pollution and climate pollution, so the more we can displace that from all sectors of our energy picture, the more that we’re going to be improving our environment.”The report states wind energy saves more than 596.7 million gallons of water per year, enough to meet the needs of 28,681 people.

According to the Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission, wind accounts for only 3 percent of the total electricity generated in Pennsylvania, while coal-fired plants produce about 34 percent of the state’s electricity.Staaf said the more traditional energy industries have an unfair advantage when it comes to federal support.“There are permanent subsidies sort of built into our tax code that support fossil fuel production energy industries and don’t support the renewable industry,” she said.Between 2002 and 2008, the fossil fuel industry received $72 billion in subsidies, while the renewable industry got $29 billion, according to Staaf.She said wind energy’s growth in the last decade is a direct result of federal incentives like the renewable energy production tax credits, but if that growth is going to continue the state needs to expand its Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (AEPS).“It (the AEPS) wasn’t perfect,” Staaf said. “There were aspects of it that we certainly disagreed with, but in terms of promoting wind and solar, it was great. It’s lagged over the years and has not been as effective as promoting these burgeoning sources of energy as it should be.”Pennsylvania’s AEPS was created in 2004 and requires each electric distribution company and supplier in the state to supply 8 percent of electricity using “tier 1” energy sources (solar, hydro, geothermal, wind) by 2020.  The commonwealth’s 8 percent standard is overshadowed by neighboring states like Delaware and Maryland that have standards set above 20 percent.“It’s really time to level the playing field to allow wind and other renewable sources to really have their fair shake and compete properly,” she said. “At that point is when we’re going to see it truly compete with traditional sources of energy.”

Monday, November 18, 2013

Role Audio Canoe Loudspeaker Review

The Canoe has a one-inch-diameter soft dome tweeter and a four-inch woven carbon fiber midrange/woofer. Unlike most small monitors, which need some form of speaker stand to place the drivers at a proper height or angle so there is no attenuation of upper frequencies when placed on a desktop, the Canoe was designed so that, when it’s used for nearfield desktop listening, the drivers are at the ideal height vis-a-vis your ears. On my 28-inch-high desktop, the Canoe’s tweeter was one inch below my ear height without any stands or elevation devices.The Canoe’s crossover employs a film foil capacitor, metal oxide resistor, and a laminated perfect lay coil. Hand-wired and soldered with DH Labs silver-plated copper wire to the tweeter and oxygen-free multi-strand copper wire to the woofer, the Canoe uses one set of Superior insulated five-way binding posts mounted on a terminal cup to facilitate wall or near-wall placement. Bi-wiring is not available.Intro of Clutch System Clutch is actually situated at the flywheel shell between

For audiophiles who are concerned with ecological or personal health issues, the Canoe is made using certified green birch plywood and CARB2 MDF, which has no urea formaldehyde to off-gas into your environment. Also, Role employs non-toxic glues and paints throughout its manufacturing process. The Canoe comes with a black fabric grille that’s held in place with magnets rather than push-in attachments. This makes for a much cleaner look when the grilles are removed. Most of my listening time was spent sans grilles.Installing the Canoe speakers in my desktop system was simple. The most time-consuming part was removing the GoldenEar Aon 2 speakers, along with the Ultimate Support speaker stands and high-density foam risers beneath them. After the desktop was vacated, I merely placed the Canoes at equidistant positions on either side of my NEC 26-inch monitor and then angled them in so that, from my listening position, I couldn’t see their sidewalls. To make sure that both speakers were angled identically, I used the free iPhone/iPad app from Genelec speakers called “SpeakerAngle”. After initial setup, I found that extremely small changes in the speakers’ physical locations could result in big differences in soundstage presentation. Even a cat brushing the speakers as it walked across my desk could move the speakers enough that they required repositioning.

Monday, November 11, 2013

Intro of Clutch System Clutch is actually situated at the flywheel shell between

Intro of Clutch System Clutch is actually situated at the flywheel shell between the engine and also gearbox, with screws to repair clutch assembly in the flat back again of the flywheel, clutch's output shaft is actually gearbox's input shaft. Excellent Fashion Stars for scaffold supplies Fashion Stars Inspiration Throughout the auto shifting method, the driver can depress or launch the clutch pedal in accordance with the particular particular wants, making short-term separation and also progressive joint of the engine also, the gearbox, to cut off or transfer the power input from engine to your transmission. Hey! adjustable base jack are the Favorites of People in KharkovIt principally consists of the lively component, the particular driven part, the particular pressed physique and also control body.The active part consists of flywheel, clutch cover and also strain plate; the driven part could be the driven plate; and the pressed physique is the pressed spring; although management body has fork, release bearing, clutch pedal and transmission components.Clutch is installed in between engine and also transmission, in the main procedure from the vehicle begin to proceed, drivers often have to utilize the particular clutch. Its part would be to make the engine and also transmission step by step join collectively, for this reason Sunshine Power: expansion of wind power inverter PV power plant investmen guaranteeing the clean starting of the car; briefly cut off the link between the particular engine and transmission so as to shift and decrease the particular influence when shifting; When the car is actually emergently braking, it could play the separate role in preventing the transmission along with other drive method overload, so clutch can play particular protective function.Clutch is similar to the switch, it has the particular joint or break the particular energy transmission function, accordingly, any form of autos need to have clutch, only the particular form is usually various.Clutch could be split into electromagnetic clutch, magnetic clutch, friction clutch, hydraulic clutch.First, electromagnetic clutchIt controls clutch's connection and separation count on turning on and off the particular power within the coil.Electromagnetic clutch can be split into: dry single-plate electromagnetic clutch, dry electromagnetic multi-plate clutch, wet multi-plate electromagnetic clutch, magnetic clutch, slip electromagnetic clutch etc.According to electromagnetic clutch's operating method, it might be put into: power-on combining and also power-off combining.Second, magnetic clutchPlace the magnetic powder in between the lively component additionally, the driven component, the magnetic powder is definitely inside the loose state when it really is power off, once the magnetic powder would be combined when it is power on, the particular energetic component and the driven component will rotate at the same time. Its merits: it can adjust the particular torque by controlling the present, permitting the larger slip. Its disadvantages: temperature will probably be significantly rising when it's huge slip, its value can be higher contrary to other clutches.

Thursday, November 7, 2013

Sunshine Power: expansion of wind power inverter PV power plant investmen

600,000 kilowatts of wind power converter technology projects . Intends to invest 60 million yuan raised funds an annual 600,000 kilowatts wind energy converters transformation projects , the project construction period is 18 months after the completion of the company will be capable of full-power wind energy converter products 400,000 kilowatts , double-fed wind energy converter series production capacity of 200,000 kilowatts , is put into sales revenue of 176 million yuan is expected to contribute , contribution to net profit 17.34 million yuan ;

Were invested 3 million yuan in Gansu Jiuquan established Chaoyang New Energy Co. Ltd. and Sanyo New Energy Co., Ltd. Jiuquan into photovoltaic power plant investments. Help the company develop the next generation PV inverter products and grid technology research, while improving the company's industrial chain.

Wind energy converter substantial expansion of production capacity , technical level to meet market demand . Wind energy converter is the company 's second largest PV inverter outside business , in 2011 sales revenue of 74.96 million yuan , accounting for 8.58% , an increase of 73.06% . The transformation project is based on the existing equipment , the implementation of the system 3MW 690V inverter platform development and performance upgrades , medium pressure systems and above 5MW power converter platform construction , is put into ( 2015 ) the company will an annual full-power wind energy converters 400,000 kilowatts , double-fed wind power converter products 200,000 kilowatts , a total of 600,000 kilowatts of capacity, compared to 180,000 kilowatts in 2011 the company 's production capacity has increased dramatically.

Doubly-fed wind power inverter main supporting doubly-fed wind turbine , wind energy converter full power main supporting direct drive , semi- direct-drive wind turbines , and other types . The technological complexity of the grid specifically designed to be optimized to adapt to harsh environments and harsh wind farm grid environment ; optimize the fan system applications to achieve high efficiency and power generation, represents the current mainstream technology trends. Company WindPlus + wind converter represents a homemade converter high level , with good low voltage ride through capability and meets wind energy converter trends.

Wind power industry has entered a rapid development stage from the adjustment phase , restricting domestic wind power development of the biggest drawbacks is the " grid " unstable , to solve this problem is the most effective way to improve the performance of current transformer . At present, foreign wind energy converter brand occupy a larger market share , domestic inverter in a standardized , intelligent , functional completeness , scalability, and stability and so there is a certain gap . Company to increase wind energy converter technology investment , in line with the direction of the wind power industry market development , with the price advantage of domestic high-quality converter to better meet market demand.

Friday, November 1, 2013

Global Solar Photovoltaic Industry Becomes Net Energy Producer

The rapid growth of the solar power industry over the past 10 years may have worsened the global warming situation it was meant to ease, as the energy used to manufacture the millions of solar panels now generating electricity around the world came from burning fossil fuels.Stanford University researchers have calculated that imbalance is now history and the global PV industry could pay off its debt of energy as early as 2015, and no later than 2020.For the first time, the electricity generated by all of the world’s installed solar photovoltaic panels last year “probably surpassed the amount of energy going into fabricating more modules,” said Michael Dale, a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford’s Global Climate & Energy Project, GCEP.“This analysis shows that the industry is making positive strides,” said Dale, who developed an innovative way of assessing the industry’s progress globally in a study published in the current edition of the journal “Environmental Science & Technology.”“Despite its fantastically fast growth rate, PV is producing, or just about to start producing, a net energy benefit to society,” said Dale.Global photovoltaic installations are forecast to exceed 35 gigawatts in 2013, equivalent to growth of 12 percent, according to recently released analysis from IHS, an energy information consultancy. The IHS analysis shows that global PV installations grew 14 percent to reach 31.4 GW last year.The PV industry has run an energy deficit from 2000 to now, consuming 75 percent more energy than it produced just five years ago. The researchers expect this energy debt to be paid off as early as 2015, due to declining energy inputs, more durable panels and more efficient conversion of sunlight into electricity.

Co-author Sally Benson, GCEP’s director, said the changing energy balance is due to the declining amount of energy required to manufacture and install PV systems.“GCEP is focused on developing game-changing energy technologies that can be deployed broadly. If we can continue to drive down the energy inputs, we will derive greater benefits from PV,” Benson said. “Developing new technologies with lower energy requirements will allow us to grow the industry at a faster rate.”The energy used to produce solar panels is intense, explains Mark Golden of Stanford’s Precourt Energy Efficiency Center. “The initial step in producing the silicon at the heart of most panels is to melt silica rock at 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit using electricity, commonly from coal-fired power plants.”But as investment and technological development have risen with the number of installed panels, the energetic costs of new photovoltaic modules have declined, Golden says.Thinner silicon wafers are now used to make solar cells, less highly refined materials are now used as the silicon feedstock, and less of the costly material is lost in the manufacturing process.The efficiency of solar cells using thin film technologies that rely on earth-abundant materials such as copper, zinc, tin and carbon offers the potential for greater improvements.

To be considered a success, or simply a positive energy technology, PV panels must pay back all the energy that went into them, said Dale.If current rapid growth rates persist, by 2020 about 10 percent of the world’s electricity could be produced by PV systems.At today’s energy payback rate, producing and installing the new PV modules would consume around nine percent of global electricity. But, if the energy intensity of PV systems continues to drop at its current learning rate, then by 2020 less than two percent of global electricity will be needed to sustain growth of the industry, the Stanford researchers project.Continued reduction of the energetic costs of producing PV panels can be accomplished by using less materials or switching to producing panels that have much lower energy costs than technologies based on silicon.The study’s data covers the various silicon-based technologies as well as newer ones using cadmium telluride and copper indium gallium diselenide as semiconductors. Together, these types of PV panels account for 99 percent of installed panels.The energy payback time can also be reduced by installing PV panels in locations with high quality solar resources, like the desert Southwest in the United States and the Middle East. “At the moment, Germany makes up about 40 percent of the installed market, but sunshine in Germany isn’t that great,” Dale said. “So from a system perspective, it may be better to deploy PV systems where there is more sunshine.”The PV industry’s energetic costs can differ from its financial costs. Installation and the components outside the solar cells, such as wiring and inverters, as well as soft costs like permitting, account for a third of the financial cost of a solar PV system, but only 13 percent of the energy inputs. The industry is focused primarily on reducing financial costs.The researchers say this accounting of energetic costs and benefits should be applied to any new energy-producing technology, as well as to energy conservation strategies that have large upfront energetic costs, such as retrofitting buildings. They already have begun to apply the analysis to energy storage and wind power.

Monday, October 28, 2013

Blowin' in the wind

While new wind development this year won't come close to matching 2012, a study by the American Wind Energy Association found at least 22 electric utilities around the country issued requests for proposals for new wind farms during the first six months of the year and many others entered into long-term agreements to buy a combined 3,950 megawatts (MW) of new wind energy from projects across 11 states.Westar Energy in Kansas is among utilities seeking proposals. AWEA didn't include Westar in its count, however, because the utility didn't issue its RFP until late August. Westar is expected to announce selection of a partner for the new project in a week or two, said Westar spokesperson Gina Penzig."We just finished a review of the wind industry's five-year impact on state economies, including Kansas, and the results are pretty compelling," said Elizabeth Salerno, AWEA's Director of Industry Data and Analysis. "They show that the wind energy boom has benefitted the states where (the wind) is strong."Nationally, total wind energy capacity jumped nearly 140 percent between 2008 and 2012, reaching 60,009 MW. Another 1,280 MW were under construction in June.In Kansas, wind generation grew by some 233 percent over the period, going from 813 MW of power to more than 2,700 MW of current capacity.Today, wind powers the equivalent of more than 840,000 homes, the AWEA study notes, with some 11 percent of all U.S. electricity now generated from wind.Farmers turn to wind turbines

While Siemens Wind in Hutchinson experienced a mass layoff at the end of 2012 due to anticipated expiration of the federal Production Tax Credit - which gives a per kilowatt rebate to utilities buying wind from qualifying farms, thus reducing the cost of the energy - the manufacturing company has since come back nearly to full staff, thanks in large part to several new international contracts for nacelles, noted Kimberly Svaty, Kansas public policy director for the five-state Wind Coalition."We're still seeing growth and positive movement in the Kansas economy in relation to the wind industry, in both manufacturing and development," Svaty said.Siemens communications specialist Myca Welch said Siemens is "actively bidding on projects in the U.S. and abroad, and that the Hutchinson facility is currently exporting nacelles to Canada, Chili and Peru" and that the company will continue to look for additional export opportunities.Welch explained that, on average, it takes 18 to 24 months to establish a wind farm and added that the wind energy sector would benefit from an extension of the Production Tax Credit."Like other domestic energy sources, American wind power needs a predictable, stable, pro-growth tax policy," Welch said. "Extending the PTC for the longest practical term will help nurture the growth of this clean energy source and thereby grow our economy, save ratepayers money and continue to create jobs."

"I think there are two factors, particularly for Kansas, that are driving not only development of wind projects, but wind-related manufacturing in the state," Salerno said, referring to both the Hutchinson plant and other component part makers supplying Siemens.The first, she said, are graduated minimum Renewable Portfolio Standards imposed by lawmakers in numerous states. In Kansas, for example, utilities must supply at least 15 percent of their electricity from renewable sources by the fourth quarter of 2016, and 20 percent by 2020 - one reason Westar is seeking new resources."Rates are coming in at 3 or 4 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh)," Salerno said. "So companies are not just building projects to serve local load needs, but for outside contracts, particularly in the southeast."Those contracts for Kansas wind include agreements with: Southwestern Electric Power Company (SWEPCO), which serves customers in Arkansas, Louisiana and eastern Texas; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), a corporation owned by the U.S. government that provides electricity for customers in parts of seven southeastern states; and Alabama Power, which will buy the 249 MW of energy from TradeWind Energy's Buffalo Dunes project now under construction in western Kansas.

AWEA attributes the current price primarily to two factors, Salerno said. The first is the 2.2 cents per kilowatt Production Tax Credit (PTC) rebate. Congress extended the PTC in January for one year. Because of the late action on the extension (the tax expired in December 2012), rather than requiring projects be completed by the end of the year to qualify, Congress said they only must be started by then.Under an interpretation of the extension language by the Internal Revenue Service, a project may qualify for the credit if "a certain level of investment is made by year's end," Westar's Penzig said. "That will count in lieu of breaking ground." Westar's intent is for any project coming out of the RFP to qualify.After the PTC rebate, that brings a utility's actual cost for the power down to about 2 cents per kilowatt, Salerno said. And utilities are locking in that rate for 20 to 30 years under long-term contracts."That's an incredible price for any form of energy, especially for a contract that's for 20 years or more," Svaty said. "Those are very compelling numbers."Also contributing to lower power costs, Salerno said, are strides in technology related to wind turbines, blades and towers, as well as a significant portion of turbine production moving to the U.S.The lowest prices go back more than a decade, when developers built farms in only the best wind locations, Salerno explained. As the number of wind farms expanded into less than prime wind areas, costs to produce the same amount of wind rose.Improving technology, however, is now allowing as much energy to be produced at slower wind speeds as was produced in the best wind areas.

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

Farmers turn to wind turbines

A DRAMATIC fall in income, coupled with rising energy costs, is seeing increasing number of farmers turning to wind turbines as an additional source of revenue ahead of looming energy regulator deadlines just over two months away.All proposed new turbines need to be pre-registered with regulator Ofgem by December 31 and hundreds of farmers are now working to beat the end-ofyear deadline and benefit from the maximum available revenue.There are now more than 500 planning applications being considered by councils across the UK and figures from the leading turbine suppliers show that more than 200 farm-scale turbines could be connected to the grid by the next Feed-in Tariff (FiT) deadline in April next year as farmers seek to bolster incomes.Steve Milner, managing director of Earthmill, a specialist farm-scale wind turbine installer, said: “More and more farmers are looking beyond traditional crops to survive and the financial benefits of wind turbines for farms are becoming more widely known.“Over the last quarter, we have seen an increase in demand of more than 150 per cent for single-turbine surveys and power generation evaluations from some of the UK’s 300,000 working farms.“Impending reductions in the Government’s green energy incentives are also fuelling record demand which we anticipate will continue for the foreseeable future as a result of the current economic malaise in the farming industry. It is giving farmers the motivation to look at renewables as an additional source of revenue, especially those in dairy, pig and poultry farming where large amounts of electricity are consumed.”

After two years of poor harvests and unusually harsh weather, dramatically rising energy costs are also taking their toll on cash-strapped farmers.Mr Milner said: “Recent innovations in turbine design have improved generation levels from turbines and lifespan. Farmers who install one or two turbines on land in ideal weather locations, and with the right topography for a turbine site, can see the double benefits of energy savings and income generation that typically add up to well into five-figure sums and can top £100,000 a year in many cases.“Despite the recent upsurge in interest, currently only five per cent of UK farms have turbines, which is a fraction of those who would be suitable. As one of the windiest places in Europe, the UK and, in particular, Scotland, Wales, the West Country and the north-east, have some of the most exposed farming land, which is ideal for power generation.”Mr Milner said farmers looking at a new installation before the April reduction in the Government’s FiT incentives will gain the most as they will benefit from the new wave of super-efficient turbines that can generate more power than earlier models and also outlast them.

Monday, October 21, 2013

Top 7 reasons to go green now for a healthier, prosperous and longer life

Go green is one of the most popular phrases we use in our conversation. In newspapers, TV shows and general debate it is more than often used.
Rising level of environmental pollution and natural resource depletion has forced people to take this phrase damn seriously. Green global leaders also want each one of us go green to make planet Earth greener and safer place to live.But this term is mostly used just for the sake of showing how much aware we are. We simply condemn environmental degradation. We slam every act of polluting. But we mostly take pollution at macro level. We forget to admit how our little actions hit our natural environment and even we don’t know what we are doing.So we need to bring smaller changes in our way of living and must go green now at individual level to keep our kids safe from all types of pollution hazards. After going green it seems nice to talk hard against giant polluters and lethargy of governments to control pollution.

Go green means to be environment friendly. By adopting a green living we use things of daily use as much as we can before discarding it to generate waste. We must buy organic or natural things and avoid every type of chemical that is used for instant but harmful results. We go for things that have minimum packaging to generate less rubbish after their use. We switch to natural gas for our energy needs and consume as much lesser as possible to conserve our resources. We try to avoid every act that may harm our environment. While doing this we don’t feel we are on duty but take it as our living style and eventually we enjoy a lot with it.

If we don’t do this we will have lesser resources and people may fight with each other to grab maximum resources. It is widely predicted that next world war would be waged to grab more and more natural resources. Right now our water resources are so much scarce that out of 6.5 billion population of the world nearly 2.5 billion people are facing water shortage all across the globe. We have wasted our food resources so much so that now scientists are exploring edible insects to meet the food shortage. Before we are forced to eat unconventional food we must stand up for the cause of protecting our fast depleting natural resources. Who wants to see next world war in his life time and that too on natural resources. 

We don’t take it a normal way of living. We wrongly assume that before doing every work we need to check if it is green. We need to live like people do in ancient time. We have to avoid machines, fast affecting products and fast way of living. We fear we would lag behind others in every field. This is absolutely wrong or nonsense. If we use natural products instead of chemical ones we will grow stronger and will become more competitive. If we avoid every act that may cause pollution it will benefit us first because we will not get into its direct contact. If we use green energy we will not be inhaling smoke which we do while using conventional forms of energy. So this is our misunderstanding about green living. It is fully a natural way of living and absolutely a normal lifestyle.